History Podcasts

Krakow Archaeological Museum

Krakow Archaeological Museum



We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Krakow Archaeological Museum (Muzeum Archeologiczne w Krakowie) explores Poland’s history, particularly that of its Lesser or Małopolska Region. It is the oldest archaeological museum in Poland.

Krakow Archaeological Museum history

Krakow Archaeological Museum was founded in 1850 originally as the Museum of Antiquity, by a group of intellectuals belonging to the Krakow Scientific Society (Towarzystwo Naukowe Krakowskie, TNK). In the late 18th century, Poland was partitioned by the Habsburg Monarchy, ending the sovereignty of Poland and Lithuania for 123 years. As a result, foreign rule in the Austrian Partition did not allow the existence of patriotic Polish organisations except for learning societies such as the TNK.

The TNK had existed in Krakow since 1815 with its own division of Art and Archeology in 1848. Their priority for the museum was to collect archaeological finds from private donors, mostly notable Polish families, including the statue of Zbruch Idol (the museum’s symbol). The first exhibit opened at Krakow Archaeological Museum in 1857.

The museum was housed in what was originally the medieval Lubomirski Palace, known as ‘The Painted Mansion’. The 14th century fortress was later turned into a Carmelite monastery in the 17th century before becoming an infamous Austrian prison in the 19th century under Austrian rule.

Krakow Archaeological Museum today

The museum is divided into five permanent exhibitions: Gods of the Ancient Egypt, Prehistoric Pottery, The Garden of Ceramics, The Prehistory and Early Middle Ages of Lesser Poland, and The Carts of Bronocice, which includes the Bronocice Pot (3635–3370 BC) – a ceramic vase incised with the earliest known image of what may be a wheeled vehicle.

Do not miss the world’s only uncovered Slavonic god, the eight-foot stone idol of four-faced Swiatowit, found in the Zbruc riverbed in 1848. The idol was likely hidden during the 10th century when Kiev Russia accepted Christianity. There are also audio guides available.

While the museum is small, having explored the collections boasting over 500,000 objects, step outside to enjoy the beautiful garden offering views across Krakow, especially the Planty gardens next door.

Getting to Krakow Archaeological Museum

Located in Krakow’s Stare Miastro or Old Town, the Krakow Archaeological Museum is easy to find on foot from other attractions. Via public transport, you can reach the museum by getting the trams 6, 8, 10, 13 and 18. There is a car park opposite the museum on Poselska street.


The Historical Museum is made up of 14 divisions scattered around the city, including its main branch as well as Old Synagogue, Schindler's Factory, Under the Eagle Pharmacy, Pomorska street Gestapo prison, Hipolit Manor, Town Hall Tower, Barbakan, Defensive Walls, Celestat, Muzeum of Nowa Huta, Zwierzyniecki Manor, Under the Cross Manor, and the Main Market Square tunnels. The divisions preserve and display artifacts of the history of the city, the history of Jews, the history of the theatre and many others. [2]

The Museum holdings include sixteenth through twentieth century city maps, paintings, prints, photographs, guild objects and works by Kraków artists and artisans, as well as portraits of nobility from the sixteenth to the twentieth century fourteenth through twentieth century weapons a collection of sixteenth through twentieth century clocks famous Kraków nativity scenes (szopka) artifacts related to theatre Judaica items commemorative of the Polish uprisings of the nineteenth century and of World War I and II.

The Museum houses a permanent exhibit of the History and Culture of Kraków, a collection of the militaria (projectiles, firearms, defense and sharp weapons), clocks and watches. The Town Hall Tower in the Main Market Square is the venue of the Photographs of the Market Square exhibition.

Since 1999, under the Museum's jurisdiction is the Barbakan, one of the best known examples of medieval defense structures in Poland, whose interior is made accessible to tourists each summer.


Essential - krakow

After an archaeological find discovered and excavated underground tunnels under Krakow´s Main Market Square in 2005, the much publicised Rynek Underground Museum was created, opening its doors to the public for the first time in September 2010.

The multi hi-tech museum is subtitled, &ldquoIn the Footsteps of Krakow´s European Identity&rdquo and plots the evolution of the city from its earliest settlements in 2000BCE to the death of Pope John Paul II in 2005. Upon entering, visitors pass through a wall of smoke and follow a clockwise trail through time.

Using projected films, holograms and interactive touch screen exhibits the use of modern technology compliments the original artefacts found amongst the 40,000 square metres of subterranean tunnels, among them an ancient horse´s skull and an 11 th Century cemetery.

Audio guides are available in several European languages. Space is limited to 300 visitors at any one time so it is best to book ahead and reserve your place to save disappointment.


Template parameters

TemplateData is a way to store information about template parameters (the description of those and of the whole template) for both humans and machines. It is used by VisualEditor and possibly other tools like Upload Wizard.

Existing template documentation
At Wikimedia Commons, it is recommended to use <> with either useTemplateData=1 or useTemplateData=only on the /doc subpage and transcluding it with <> into the template. <nowiki> -tags can be wrapped around the arguments, if required, to avoid templates being expanded.

Newly created template documentation and imports
Another option, especially for imported templates, or for users with JSON experience, is placing raw <templatedata>-tags into the Wikitext of the template, as described in various Wikipediae.

Institution page template, intended for use in “institution” field of <> and <> template to provide additional information and links for GLAM (Galleries, Libraries, Archives, and Museums) institutions which hold the artworks. May also be added to Wikidata, using P1612.

This template prefers inline formatting of parameters.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatusoption 1

Set to “collapse” to collapse the table by default. More options may come in the future

Additional information

The template is intended to be used in the following namespaces: all namespaces

The template is intended to be used by the following user groups: all users

Internationalized on Module:I18n/institution, partly using Wikidata items.


Krakow Archaeological Museum - History

Abstract

Tyt. z nagłówka.Bibliogr. s. 122-123.The site currently occupied by the Archaeological Museum in Kraków abounds with finds dating back to the early medieval period. It is located on the edge of the alluvial cone of the Prądnik, a tributary to the Vistula River. In the 9th-13th century, the area was contained within the fortified suburbium where a dwelling, productive and commercial settlement developed. After 1612, the land was donated to the Discalced Carmelite Order, and the monastery with the church of St. Michael and St. Joseph were built. In the year 1797, on the strength of the decree issued by the Austrian Emperor Joseph II (from 1782), concerning the dissolution of monastic orders, the Carmelite Order was dissolved, and the church with the monastery were confiscated by the State Treasury to be used as prison and jail cells. In 1954, Kraków authorities donated the complex to serve the needs of the Archaeological Museum in Kraków. The history of the buildings became the topic of subsequent exhibitions.Dostępny również w formie drukowanej.KEYWORDS: museum, history, historical stratifications, exhibition

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Useful links

Writing about CORE?

Discover our research outputs and cite our work.

CORE is a not-for-profit service delivered by the Open University and Jisc.


St Mary’s Church

A history spanning over eight centuries, a high altar by Veit Stoss (Wit Stwosz), a bugle call, the.

Wawel Hill

A limestone rock rising above the Vistula in the centre of Kraków, an ancient centre of.

ICE Kraków Congress Centre

A modern venue hosting concerts, theatrical performances, exhibitions, congresses, conferences, and.

Cloth Hall

One of the symbols of city, a pearl of renaissance architecture, Kraków&rsquos oldest.

Oskar Schindler’s Enamel Factory

Where the tumultuous history of a world war meets everyday life, and private lives &ndash a.

Dragon’s Den

The cave that the legendary dragon inhabited leads down from Wawel Hill to the bank of the Vistula.


The Historical Museum is made up of 14 divisions scattered around the city, including its main branch as well as Old Synagogue, Schindler's Factory, Under the Eagle Pharmacy, Pomorska street Gestapo prison, Hipolit Manor, Town Hall Tower, Barbakan, Defensive Walls, Celestat, Muzeum of Nowa Huta, Zwierzyniecki Manor, Under the Cross Manor, and the Main Market Square tunnels. The divisions preserve and display artifacts of the history of the city, the history of Jews, the history of the theatre and many others. [2]

The Museum holdings include sixteenth through twentieth century city maps, paintings, prints, photographs, guild objects and works by Kraków artists and artisans, as well as portraits of nobility from the sixteenth to the twentieth century fourteenth through twentieth century weapons a collection of sixteenth through twentieth century clocks famous Kraków nativity scenes (szopka) artifacts related to theatre Judaica items commemorative of the Polish uprisings of the nineteenth century and of World War I and II.

The Museum houses a permanent exhibit of the History and Culture of Kraków, a collection of the militaria (projectiles, firearms, defense and sharp weapons), clocks and watches. The Town Hall Tower in the Main Market Square is the venue of the Photographs of the Market Square exhibition.

Since 1999, under the Museum's jurisdiction is the Barbakan, one of the best known examples of medieval defense structures in Poland, whose interior is made accessible to tourists each summer.


The building of the Archaeological Museum in Kraków

Until the 1950s, the Archaeological Museum in Kraków did not have a separate building. In the initial period, the Museum of Antiquities was located at the Jagiellonian Library at 8 św. Anny street. In 1864, it was moved, along with other branches of the Kraków Scientific Society to its new building at 17 Sławkowska street (with entrance from 22 św. Jana street), from which it has operated for over 100 years. The collections of the museum were becoming bigger very fast there was no space for keeping and preparing the artefacts. The exhibition rooms were not designed for exposition purposes. After extensive efforts of the management of the museum, in 1954 the authorities of Kraków donated a complex of prison buildings for its purposes at Poselska and Senacka streets (a monastic complex of the Discalced Carmelites built in the 17th century, in 1797 converted into a prison and a court). In 1958-66, a major renovation of the buildings was undertaken and they were adapted to the purposes of a museum – storage facilities, research and conservation units and exhibition rooms were created.


Contents of the Mound

The researchers found traces of a settlement from the periods of the Stone Age and Early Iron Age, which is the end of the Lusatian culture (1300-400 BC). Also in the mound was found a bronze belt from the 8th century the remains of a 300-year-old oak, which according to Professor Wladyslaw Shafer was destroyed by Christians in the 9th century as a result of paganism a children's skeleton an avant-garde bronze artifact, indicating that the mound could have been erected for the Avar leader or local leader who resisted the Avars and the silver dinar of the reign of Czech Prince Boleslav II (AD 920-999).

Baptism of Poland in 965. Artist Yain Mateyko, 1889. ( Public Domain )

Despite these excavations, historians and scholars have not been able to establish the foundation of the mound and so there remain several theories of its origin. The earliest estimation is based on the findings of the Lusatian culture and dates the mound back to 500 BC.


Krakow Underground Museum – Guided Tour

While walking around Kraków’s Main Market Square, many people are not aware of the true treasure underneath.

Join us in the mysterious underground world, where you can explore the oldest history of the most important public space in Kraków — the Main Market Square. Thanks to the work of archaeologists, 6,000 square meters of the underground Market Square have been made available to the general public to showcase the city’s 1000-year old history.

Wandering down the ancient roads among reconstructed huts, a blacksmith’s workshop, and the foundations of the first Cloth Hall from the early medieval period, one can almost hear the sounds of life that were filling the air many centuries ago. Additional attractions of the tour are the multimedia show and the exhibit of authentic objects from Kraków’s historical past that were unearthed during archaeological excavations.


Watch the video: What to see at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens. NAMA. Athens Greece (August 2022).