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Michael Cummings

Michael Cummings



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Michael Cummings, the son of A. J. Cummings, the political editor of the News Chronicle, was born in Leeds on 1st June 1919. He became a cartoonist and in 1939 he had his first work published in The Tribune. During the Second World War he worked for the Daily Chronicle.

After the war he studied at Chelsea School of Art (1945-48), where he was taught by Graham Sutherland. He worked briefly at St Albans Girls' Grammar School. In 1949 he replaced Sidney Strube at The Daily Express. Cummings moved to the political right and his editor, Arthur Christiansen, commented: "He reserves most of his venom for Labour leaders. Every day he submits five or six rough outlines and I select the one which seem least cruel." Understandably, he was extremely popular with Winston Churchill who commented that "Cummings may well become one of the greatest cartoonists of our time."

Cummings also supplied cartoons for the Sunday Express, Punch Magazine, The Daily Mail and The Times. One cartoon showing a boatload of golliwogs arriving in the UK resulted in him being described as a racist. Another cartoon that appeared on 9th July, 1967, that accompanied an article by Enoch Powell, also received a great deal of criticism.

Michael Cummings, who was one of the founders of the British Cartoonists' Association, died in London on 9th October 1997.

Beaverbrook was a great advocate of cartoons, he believed very strongly that they were far more effective than words in getting across a political point. In fact a reader survey once showed that the cartoons were the most popular part of the paper. Express cartoons have always had greater impact because they were given the necessary prominence. In fact, I can recall occasions when a cartoon has been drawn to accompany a leading article and, in the end, the leader has been scrapped and the cartoon retained on its own. From time to time I used to be invited to dine with Beaverbrook and it was usually a sign that he wanted to disagree with one of my drawings. For example, when Krushchev had Pasternak's relatives arrested on trumped up charges to do with alleged currency offences, Beaverbrook took the opportunity to tease me during dinner about a critical cartoon I had drawn. He always rather liked Krushchev and felt that it was possible to negotiate with him. I was too right-wing for Beaverbrook's taste. I was never prevented from drawing a cartoon which I felt to be right. Beaverbrook and Christiansen would disagree with my views and would tell me so, but they would never attempt to censor my work.

What impressed me most about Cummings was his absolute commitment to his political views and his very personal attitude towards political figures. Many people who are involved in journalism and politics develop a sophisticated attitude which leads to purely theatrical struggles with their opponents - there is much sound and fury but very little blood. Michael Cummings is not at all like this. Some may accuse him of being over-serious but no one can deny that his views are deeply felt. He obviously reveres Mrs Thatcher, intensely dislikes Tony Benn (and takes credit for being the first cartoonist to note his wild stare), has no time at all for Ted Heath, and so on. The Right can have fewer more convinced and devoted advocates.


Cummings grew up in Los Angeles, California, and earned a BA in American Art History at Empire College. He moved to New York in the early 1970s to take a position with the Department of Cultural Affairs for New York City. He worked with event planner Karin Bacon. Cummings spent his early artistic career as a part-time collage (Romare Bearden was a mentor) and paint artist.

After a work project to create a cloth banner for an exhibition in 1973, Cummings discovered his love for working with fabric and taught himself to quilt by studying the works of local quilters and how-to quilt magazines and books. [1]

Cummings was in a pilot program that created the Studio in a School program in the 1970s. Philanthropist Agnes Gund funded the program and visited the artists many times. [ citation needed ]

Cummings also worked at the New York Council on the Arts for many years before retiring. [ citation needed ]

Cummings quilts in the narrative, story-telling tradition and is one of a few nationally known male quiltmakers. His work often features bright, colorful African themes and African American historical themes. Major quilt series include the "African Jazz" series (1990), the "Haitian Mermaid" series (1996), and the "Josephine Baker" series (2000).

The U.S. State Department has posted several of Cummings' quilts in its embassies (Rwanda and Mali) through its Arts in Embassy program. [2] Brands such as Absolut Vodka and HBO have commissioned his work, and his quilts appear in the permanent collection of the Museum of Arts and Designs [3] in New York. Whoopi Goldberg and Bill Cosby collect Cummings' quilts.

Notable works in public collections Edit

  • International Quilt Study Center & Museum Quilt House, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (Young Obama + Slave Ship. Henrietta Marie)
  • Museum of Art, Michigan State University (African Jazz)
  • Museum of Spirits, Stockholm, Sweden (Absolut Jazz)
  • Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY (President Obama)
  • Museum of Art and Design, New York, NY (I'll Fly Away)
  • California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA (Springtime in Memphis)
  • Renwick Gallery (Smithsonian Institution) Washington, D.C. (Haitian Mermaid)
  • Underground Railroad Freedom Center, Cincinnati, OH (Harriet Tubman. Leading family to freedom)

Cummings is a founding member of the Women of Color Quilters Network founded by Carolyn L. Mazloomi. [4]


The Surprising History of American Sniper’s “Wolves, Sheep, and Sheepdogs” Speech

This past weekend, American Sniper sold millions of tickets, and introduced millions of Americans to a novel turn of phrase. In an early scene set at the dinner table, Chris Kyle’s father tells him that there are three kinds of people in the world: “wolves, sheep, and sheepdogs.”

The scene is a canny invention by screenwriter Jason Hall, but he didn’t come up with that analogy. The origins of this sheepdog analogy help explain why the film has resonated with audiences. The sheepdog speech comes from Lieutenant Colonel David Grossman’s book On Combat, published in 2004. (It doesn’t appear in Kyle’s best-selling memoir, although the family and friends running Chris Kyle’s Twitter account did tweet about it in December.) Since then it has spread through military and police circles and the right-wing blogosphere. It’s proved particularly durable with gun rights groups. With the release of American Sniper, it has reached its largest audience yet.

Grossman crafted this analogy in response to 9/11 and the war in Iraq. And it’s not enough to classify the human race into these three simple categories Grossman—and those who parrot his metaphor—are issuing a call to action to defend yourself against your enemies. In a country where innocent, unarmed, mostly black Americans keep getting killed, it’s a pernicious worldview to hold.

In Grossman’s original essay, now available on his website, he credits an “old war veteran” with first telling him about wolves, sheep, and sheepdogs. He writes:

In Grossman’s telling, the wolves will do anything they can to hurt sheep. Grossman variously identifies wolves as school shooters, terrorists, criminals, and anyone looking to hurt the innocent. Internationally, think ISIS, al-Qaida, and Boko Haram. Domestically, think gangsters, criminals, and thugs. Grossman makes it clear that, no matter how much society fears its sheepdog protectors, the sheep need their sheepdogs. That means that a sheepdog cannot “take out its teeth.” In gun rights terms, this means that gun owners should never go anywhere without a concealed firearm: “If you are a warrior who is legally authorized to carry a weapon and you step outside without that weapon, then you become a sheep, pretending that the bad man will not come today.”

And the wolf will come, says Grossman. “If you want to be a sheepdog and walk the warrior’s path,” he writes, “then you must make a conscious and moral decision every day to dedicate, equip and prepare yourself to thrive in that toxic, corrosive moment when the wolf comes knocking at the door.” He emphasizes practicing “when/then” thinking as opposed to “if/when” thinking. He encourages sheepdogs to view their surroundings with fear and paranoia.

Since the sheepdog analogy was published in On Combat, it’s been referenced or copied wholesale on countless military, special operations, and police blogs. It has been featured at least eight times on the Internet’s most popular military blog, BlackFive.net, as well as other popular milblogs like A Soldier’s Perspective, SOFREP, and This Ain’t Hell. And we’ve found dozens of other blogs that reference or link to Grossman.

Off the Internet the analogy has spread to T-shirts by at least four different companies, one of which calls itself “Sheepdog Inc.” (Slogan: “Shirts for heroes who hunt down evil.”) It has inspired pastors of churches, and an organization called “Sheepdog Seminars for Churches” that teaches congregations self-defense. It has also been adopted as the name for many gun rights groups. There is even a sheepdog disaster-relief charity—like the Red Cross, but “small, flexible, and reactive” like a Marine Corps Quick Reaction Force. And the sheepdog analogy is all over social media.

While Grossman does have a Ph.D. in psychology, his analogy has zero basis in science. Good and evil aren’t scientific phenomena. While some humans have inclinations toward aggression and violence, it is not a gene that some people have and others do not. Yet Grossman still teaches more than 300 seminars a year on the sheepdog analogy and “conditioning the mind.” Conditioning it for what? We live in the safest times in human history. True “random acts of violence” are incredibly rare in our society terror events rarer still. But the sheepdog analogy wouldn’t exist if people weren’t afraid

And people are afraid, so they take action. As a result, this simple analogy is undone by an even simpler (and older) one: the wolf in sheep’s clothing. After all, all humans basically look alike. Faced with this problem, how can you tell a wolf from a sheep?

Chris Kyle, when he went to Iraq, spent zero time distinguishing the sheep from the wolves: Every Iraqi was a wolf. Kyle called Muslims “savages,” and described the unofficial rules of engagement of the battlefield simply: “If you see anyone from about sixteen to sixty-five and they’re male, shoot ’em. Kill every male you see.” That doesn’t sound like someone protecting the sheep (innocent Iraqi males) from the wolves (the insurgents).

Domestically, black Americans are the victims of this analogy. White Americans, in general, view threats through the lens of race. Studies show that many Americans believe black men are the most dangerous group in America. Experiments, using first-person shooter video games, have shown that unarmed black men are more likely to be shot than their white counterparts by police officers. In other words, some “sheepdogs” tend to reflexively identify black people as “wolves.” Is it a coincidence that black men are 21 times more likely to be shot by police? Or that America has seen a rash of unarmed (mostly black) Americans killed by armed civilians in recent years?

In reality, some sheepdogs act an awful lot like the wolves. Take Jimmy Lewis Fennell, Jr., a police officer who was convicted of committing sexual assault on duty. If he’s not a wolf, then who is? And how does a sheepdog handle that threat?

And while the majority of veterans (sheepdogs through and through) return home to lead normal lives, some do not. (Statistically, veterans with PTSD do have higher rates of violent crime, though the vast majority of veterans do not commit crimes.) Have these sheepdogs turned into wolves, or were they always wolves?

We don’t want to paint police officers and veterans as “whackos” or evil. (One of the co-writers of this post is a veteran.) We want to point out how foolish, and potentially tragic, the distinctions between good “sheepdogs” and evil “wolves” really are.

After leaving his service as a Navy SEAL and publishing his memoir, Chris Kyle started mentoring other veterans with PTSD. As the movie mentions in its conclusion, Chris Kyle was killed by another veteran, a Marine. Are Marines not sheepdogs? Or did Kyle’s killer turn into a wolf? Most importantly, as the analogy goes, why couldn’t Kyle tell the difference?

Because the analogy is simplistic, and in its simplicity, dangerous. It divides the world into black and white, into a good-versus-evil struggle that the real world doesn’t match. We aren’t divided into sheep, sheepdogs, and wolves. We are all humans.


Michael Cummings - History

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Cummings History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

It is generally believed that this name comes from a Breton personal name, derived from element "cam," meaning "bent," or "crooked" or perhaps from the herb called "cummin" (cumin). Or the name may have come from the place name Comines, in Flanders, Northern France. [1]

"This ancient family claim descent from the great house of Comines in France. They seem to have come into Britain at the Conquest, though they do not appear eo nomine in Domesday. " [2]

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Early Origins of the Cummings family

The surname Cummings was first found in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire in England, in the 12th and 13th centuries. Robert of Comyn (Comines,) a noble who accompanied William the Conqueror in 1066 and was made Earl of Northumberland. [3]

Other early records of the family shown with a myriad of early spellings include: Godwinus filius Cumine in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in 1173 Eustachius filius Cumini in the Assize Rolls for Lincolnshire in 1219 Petrus filius Kymine in the Subsidy Rolls for Yorkshire in 1301 Hugh Coumini listed in France in 1157 Walter Cumin in the Pipe Rolls for Wales in 1158 John Comin in Lincolnshire in 1175-1179 and William Cumyn in the Pipe Rolls for Hampshire in 1230. [4]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Florentina Comin, Oxfordshire Peter Comyn, Wiltshire Stephen Comyng, Essex and Thomas Comyn, Gloucestershire. [5] Another source notes that Admund le Comyn was listed in Norfolk, 14 Edward II (during the fourteenth year of King Edward III's reign.) [6]

Today Commins is a small hamlet in Denbighshire and Commins Coch is a small village in the county of Powys, Wales.


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Michael Cummings was born in the Year of the Monkey. People with Chinese zodiac Monkey according to Chinese zodiac have are smart, clever and intelligent, especially in their career and wealth. They are lively, flexible, quick-witted and versatile. Their strengths are being enthusiastic, self-assured, sociable, and innovative. But they can also be jealous, suspicious, cunning, selfish, and arrogant. Their lucky numbers are 1, 7, 8 and lucky colors are white, gold, blue.

Michael Cummings was born in the middle of Generation X.


Alumni Profile: Michael Cummings 󈨘

Be flexible, be compassionate, listen, because you have a lot to learn never, ever, give up on anyone and be honest in your thinking and decisions because at the end of the day, all you have is your integrity.

Those are the mantras Michael Cummings 󈨘 has lived by during his career as an educator.

“My career is deeply rewarding,” he reflected. “I have always worked with people who are strongly committed to bettering the lives of kids. It’s tremendously gratifying work.”

Cummings is superintendent of Connecticut’s Fairfield Public Schools system, overseeing 10,000 students in 17 districts. His work was never more difficult than it became earlier this year as the Covid-19 crisis sent the nation, and its school systems, reeling — forced to close classroom doors and move to distance learning modalities.

“The levels of stress that so many people are experiencing, around the health and well-being of themselves and their loved ones, the economic impacts, and the loss of so much of what is ‘normal’ makes this a tough time to teach and to learn,” he said. His priority was to put the health of students, their families, and staff first. “That takes priority over learning. Then, with distance learning, we asked for patience from everyone as welearned how to do this work well.”

Cummings said he and his staff had three weeks to prepare — “essentially very little time” to “re-launch” an educational system that has not seen substantial change in 150 years. “Our teachers and administrators have risen to the challenge and exceeded expectations. They have put care for the students first.”

Despite the uncertainty of the situation, Cummings looks to the future with hope. “One of our tasks when we get back together will be to celebrate what our community has done and take stock of the changes we want to maintain and determine what can be improved. I believe we all must do this, not just for our professional lives, but also in our private lives. We have to find the benefits of these experiences and hold on to them. The basic question of every experience has to be, ‘How I am stronger as a result?’ ”

While at Fairfield University, Cummings first “fell in love with teaching” because of the educators he came into contact with while a student. “These were people who loved their subjects and cared about the students in front of them — people like Dr. (George) Baehr in history and Dr. (John) Orman in politics. They made the learning personal. They were always there for a conversation or help.”

After graduation, he headed off to the University of Notre Dame to pursue a master’s degree in U.S. history, then pursued additional coursework in high school education at Southern Connecticut State University and the University of Connecticut.

Cummings began his career as a social studies teacher at Foran High School in Milford, Conn. He then served as principal of Milford’s Meadowside School, before returning to take that post at Foran. After a brief stint as interim superintendent of Milford schools, he became director of elementary education for Fairfield Public Schools, overseeing instruction and learning at 11 elementary schools, prior to assuming his current role.

One “drawback” of his present position is the lack of daily, direct interaction with students, he said. “Working out of a central office I am not interacting with students as much as when I am in the school building. I miss that a great deal. But, I continue to guide every decision I make based on what is best for students. I think, ‘What would I want for my own kids?’ ”

Cummings shared fond memories of being a student at the University, “I had a small group of close friends on campus. We were very close. I worked at the deli for three years when it was in Gonzaga, and we had a great time. I was in the first group to live in the townhouses and that was a lot of fun as well.”

The core curriculum of studies at Fairfield was very important to Cummings’ development as a thinker and writer. He said, “I cannot say I saw it as an opportunity at 18 years old, but having had philosophy and religious studies courses engaged me in a level of dialogue I would not have gotten from following a strict path in my majors.”

A resident of Milford, Cummings and his wife, Meghan, have six children who take up most of his free time. “It is a very full life. My hobbies basically are my family time, taking the children to games, and working in the yard with them. I am an older dad, so I want to be sure I am part of their lives.” Just as he has been a part of so many families’ lives during his career.


Dominic Cummings' ex-boss lifts lid on controversial past of Boris Johnson's spin guru

If Boris Johnson’s Brexit power grab is beginning to read like something out of a Soviet dictatorship manual, that may not be far wrong.

The strategy that plunged the Tories and the nation deep into chaos in the past fortnight is masterminded by his special adviser Dominic Cummings – an admirer of the Bolsheviks’ methods.

In his controversial career, the spin doctor who helped Leave win the 2016 referendum has been referred to as a “career psychopath” and “unelected foul-mouthed oaf”. More recently, he was dubbed the Prime Minister’s “Rasputin”.

And yesterday, the man who gave Cummings his first job – in Russia – said he was obsessed with the Bolsheviks’ “ruthless seizure of power” in 1917.

Adam Dixon also recalled mocking Cummings, likening him to a “well-oiled ­football-hooligan with an Oxford first”.

Cummings, 47, is believed to have been behind the move to prorogue Parliament, which a Scottish court has now ruled unlawful.

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And he helped escalate the party’s civil war, under which 21 MPs were expelled in a Soviet-style purge.

But with him now resisting a Parliamentary probe into his emails and texts, Mr Johnson may regret taking him on.

And Mr Dixon most certainly does.

Cummings graduated from Oxford in 1994 with a first in history after falling under the spell of notorious right-wing academic Norman Stone. Mr Dixon also studied Russian history at Oxford but first met Cummings in Moscow in 1995, in a period of rampant corruption after the Soviet Union collapsed.

The US entrepreneur had ambitious plans to expand regional operator Samara Airlines, which was believed to have been targeted by organised crime figures.

Speaking from Connecticut, Mr Dixon said: “For anyone who didn’t experience the anarchy of Russia in the 90s, it is hard to imagine.

“There was a deep fear the country would descend into civil war or disintegrate.

Although he did not speak much Russian, Dominic was fascinated by the anarchy and the potential for catastrophe, and willing to work in these sometimes dangerous circumstances.”

He offered Cummings, then 23, a job on his small team in Vienna, commuting weekly to the Russian city of Samara. Mr Dixon said he was struck by “Dominic’s enthusiasm for the daring and resolve of the Bolsheviks’ ruthless seizure of power through well-applied force and extremely effective propaganda”.

He said: “Although Dominic was engaging, amusing, sometimes erudite, always opinionated, he also had a broad streak of pointless pugnacity and ­belligerence.

"He was constantly spoiling for a fight. Although razzing him when out for a drink about being a ‘well-oiled football hooligan with an Oxford first’ was a laugh, it never had any noticeable positive effect.”

Last week, a dishevelled Cummings was spotted wandering around Parliament with a glass of wine – 25 years after he was said to have been reprimanded for walking through Samara airport swigging a bottle of vodka.

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Mr Dixon said while he would make the “football hooligan” jibes, he never saw any violence. Describing how he came to see him as a “liability”, he said: “I gave him responsibilities he quickly led me to regret. He leveraged the fact we now ‘needed him’ to sometimes behave as he liked. Left to himself, he would dress out of his laundry bag.

“He was usually unshaven and often looked hung-over, unwashed. On the other hand, he was courageous, ­clear-thinking and could hold his drink, which on occasions was more of an asset than it should have been.”

Cummings was sent to Singapore in 1996 to learn a new booking system – but only scraped through the test as he missed so many of the lessons. The new skills made him a key figure but he jumped ship barely a year later.

Mr Dixon said: “Although he did not leave us completely in the lurch, he did go too abruptly. I made it plain he should not think of me as a good reference. I never heard from him again.

“A few years later, I read he had ‘started a Russian airline with a friend’, a distortion that was annoying.”

The airline flopped a year after Cummings quit, when Russia’s rouble currency collapsed.

Cummings grew up in Durham and went to £16,000-a-year Durham School and is married to Mary Wakefield, a senior editor at The Spectator and daughter of baronet Sir Humphrey Wakefield. Yet he likes to play the northern outsider, last week telling reporters outside his £1.6million townhouse: “Get out of London. Talk to people who are not rich Remainers.”

And in his 20s, Cummings boasted of working at Klute, his uncle’s club in Durham – which GQ named Europe’s second-worst.

A former colleague said: “He would help manage the place but also stationed himself outside. He might not have looked like a doorman but he had a way that suggested it wasn’t worth taking him on.”

Cummings moved into politics as campaign director for Business for Sterling – which helped keep Britain from joining the euro. He became chief of staff to former Tory leader Iain Duncan Smith, then a special adviser to Education Secretary Michael Gove.

His first major triumph was the 2016 referendum, where he was credited with inventing the slogan “Take back control”. David Cameron labelled Cummings a “career psychopath” and veteran Tory Sir Roger Gale branded him an “unelected foul-mouthed oaf”.

But Cummings, thought to earn around £140,000, does “not give a damn” how others see him and thinks his role is to “deliver Brexit, then f*** off”, one former Tory staffer has said.

Downing Street did not comment.

ADAM DIXON on the Dominic Cummings he knew:

I met Dominic Cummings in the 1990s, when I was working with a Russian partner to develop a regional airline Samara Airlines into an international carrier - in order to link the city of Samara (an economic and intellectual power on the Volga River) directly to Europe.

For anyone who didn’t experience the total anarchy and fast-moving chaos of Russia in the ‘90s, it is hard to imagine now what it was like then - there was a deep fear that the country would descend into civil war or simply disintegrate, and it was a constant theme of conversation how, when, and by whom order would be restored.

Although he did not speak much Russian, Dominic was fascinated by the anarchy and the potential for catastrophe, and willing to work in these bizarre and sometimes dangerous circumstances.

Dominic had read History at Oxford, taking a First Class degree, and had studied with the well-known Professor Norman Stone.

A gifted linguist and mesmerising speaker, the right-wing Stone was almost as prodigious a drinker as he was a scholar, and often held his tutorials in a pub.

He could veer from the appalling to the hilarious and back even in the same sentence and I remember discussing with Dominic the near-scurrilous obituary that Stone had written for E.H.

Carr, a great but &aposleftist&apos historian of the Russian Revolution, which included such remarks as &aposnot even Carr’s parents liked him&apos, and that Carr was best known at school for his acne.

In &aposWhat is History?&apos (which Stone derided as a collection of tedious platitudes) Carr asks, &aposIs history a thin hard core of facts surrounded by a soft pulpy mass of interpretation, or a thin hard core of interpretation surrounded by a large fleshy body of facts?&apos (Well, words to that effect.)

With his close study of the Russian Revolution, and his enthusiasm for the “daring” and “resolve” of the Bolsheviks’ ruthless seizure of power through a combination of well-applied force and extremely effective propaganda, Dominic was certainly inclined towards the latter, &aposa hard core of interpretation&apos.

Judging by the infamous red bus, as well as some of the other &aposAgitprop&apos initiatives in the last years for which Dominic takes credit, an outsider might wonder if he has now evolved past any concept of &aposfact&apos.

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Dominic’s family owned a night club in Durham, Klute, and the bouncer was a friend of Dominic’s, a regional heavy-weight boxing champion who was a great success with women.

Dominic admired him for the quiet, calm way that he projected a capacity for sudden and extreme violence.

Although Dominic was engaging, amusing, sometimes erudite, always opinionated, he also had a broad streak of pointless pugnacity and belligerence - he was constantly &aposspoiling for a fight&apos, although it was not clear about what, with whom, or to what purpose.

And although razzing him when we were out for a drink about being a &aposwell-oiled football-hooligan with an Oxford First&apos was a laugh, it never had any noticeable positive effect - most people agree that the British Empire wasn’t acquired in a &aposfit of absentmindedness&apos but far fewer would agree with Dominic that it was built by football hooligans.

Given the extraordinary times that Russia was going through in the 1990’s, Dominic’s wit and pugnacity seemed to be almost &aposthe Right Stuff&apos, and I hired him.

Since we were a small team without much money, I gave him some responsibilities which he then quickly led me to regret, because he leveraged the fact that we now &aposneeded him&apos to sometimes behave as he liked, which included offending people that we needed to get on with - and this could be very counter-productive.

Left to himself, he would dress out of his laundry bag and had a silly objection to wearing a tie, and he was usually unshaven and often looked hung-over and unwashed.

This was all an obvious liability when there was widespread concern that Russian airlines were negligent about maintenance.

On the other hand, he was courageous, clear-thinking, and could really &aposhold his drink&apos, which, on several particular occasions, was much more of an asset than it should have been.

Although he did not leave us completely in the lurch, he certainly did go much too abruptly, and on his schedule, not mine.

I made it plain that I felt I had been generous to him in every way, and therefore, that he should not think of me as a good reference for future jobs - and I never heard from him again.

A few years later, I read in a bio-blurb that he had &aposstarted a Russian airline with a friend&apos, a distortion that was annoying, given the real circumstances.

The Russians in ‘90s had a phrase for anyone who was properly drunk - that “He’s already in America" - which is a rather nice convergence - whether one is enjoying total alcoholic inebriation, or the multiple euphorias of a post-factual world, or even the possibility that a paralysed Legislature will eventually permit a Bolshevik-style power-grab, welcome to America!


Michael A. Cummings

Michael A. Cummings is a nationally recognized quilter who lives and works in the historic Sugar Hill neighborhood of New York, NY. Self-taught, Cummings brought years of painting and collage skills to his quilt making. Inspired by jazz and working in the narrative tradition, Cummings and his sewing machine tell stories of the African American experience across historical, cultural, philosophical and mythical realms.

Using vibrant colors, applique technique, and a sewing machine for the main body of the piece, he often embellishes the surface with hand embroidery and found objects. Stories involve celebrations of Josephine Baker, Harriet Tubman, Langston Hughes, jazz music, mythical/historical characters, and commemorate historical events in African American history. Cummings views his quilts as giant collages, likening the process of construction to painting on canvas.

Through a career spanning thirty years, Cummings’ work has been commissioned by Art in Embassies, DC, the City of Knoxville, TN, the New York Department of Cultural Affairs, NY, Home Box Office, NY, The White House, DC, and Absolut Vodka, NY, among others.

His work is included in the public collections of the Brooklyn Museum, NY, the Museum of Art and Design, NY, the California African American Museum, CA, the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, NY, the Smithsonian’s Renwick Gallery, DC, and in notable private collections. He has received numerous prestigious awards.

  • Michael A. Cummings
  • Michael A. Cummings, Slave Ship Henrietta Marie, 2006
  • Michael Cummings, Brazilian Love Goddess Yemaya, 2004.
  • Michael A. Cummings, A Young Obama, 2009.
  • Michael A. Cummings, Martin Luther King, Jr.


Watch the video: ναχαρίγια-ΑΡΗΣ 53-85 2016-17 CHAMPIONS LEAGUE (August 2022).